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  • Muslim Divorce in Tunisia

    Muslim Divorce in Tunisia

    Muslim Divorce in Tunisia By Prof. Gabriel Sawma     Background The Republic of Tunisia (al Jumhuriyyah al-Tunisiyyah) is a North African nation with population of approximately 11,000,000; its capital is Tunis. The country is bordered on the west by Algeria and by Libya on the south. The Sahara Desert lies in the southernmost part. […]


  • Muslim Divorce in Bangladesh

    Muslim Divorce in Bangladesh

    Muslim Divorce in Bangladesh By Prof. Gabriel Sawma   Introduction to Bangladesh Bangladesh lies on the northern coast of the Bay of Bengal; the country is surrounded by India, with a small common border with Myanmar in the southeast. Bangladesh is low-lying riverine land traversed by the many branches and tributaries of the Ganges and […]


  • Marriage of Minors in Islam

    Marriage of Minors in Islam

    Marriage of Minors in Islam By Prof. Gabriel Sawma Under the rules of Islamic marriage according to the Hanafi traditions, a marriage cannot be contracted by an insane person, or by a boy without understanding. The hearing and consent by each of the parties to an Islamic marriage is important for the marriage contract to […]


  • The Iddat of a Woman in Islam

    The Iddat of a Woman in Islam

    The Iddat of a Woman in Islam By Prof. Gabriel Sawma     In Islamic marriages, a marriage is considered void, if the divorced wife, or widow after the death of her husband, gets married before the expiration of the period of iddat, which is incumbent upon the divorced wife, or widow to observe. The […]


  • Muslim Men Marrying Non-Muslim Women

    Muslim Men Marrying Non-Muslim Women

    Muslim Men Marrying Non-Muslim Women By Prof. Gabriel Sawma   The Quran, a primary source of Islamic Sharia, permits a Muslim man to marry non-Muslim woman. It reads: “[be lawful to you in marriage] are chaste women from those who were given the Scriptures [i.e. Christian and Jewish women]”. Early Muslim jurists ruled that the […]


  • Islamic Marriage Contracts in USA and Canada

    Islamic Marriage Contracts in USA and Canada

    Islamic Marriage Contracts in USA and Canada By Prof. Gabriel Sawma, Esq.   Definition Islamic marriage is defined as a contract whose purpose is to start sexual relationship between man and woman, and legalizing of children. The Qur’an calls it “nikah”. Muslim scholars define Islamic marriage as “haqq al tamattu”, the right to enjoy sexual […]


  • The Law of Marriage and Divorce in the United Arab Emirates

    The Law of Marriage and Divorce in the United Arab Emirates

    Background The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a federation formed from tribally organized seven sheikhdoms, or emirates, along the southern coast of the Persian Gulf and the northwestern coast of the Gulf of Oman, they include: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras Al Khaima, Shrjah and Umm Al Quwain. That region was designated as ‘protectorate’ […]


  • Islamic Syrian Divorce in USA

    Islamic Syrian Divorce in USA

     By Prof. Gabriel Sawma   Background Syria is an independent state in the Middle East. It borders Lebanon and Israel to the west, Turkey to the north, Jordan to the south and Iraq to the east. In ancient history, Syria was occupied by Canaanites, Phoenicians, Hebrews, Aramaeans, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks,  Nabataeans, Palmerenes, Romans, Byzantines, […]


  • Islamic Yemeni Divorce in USA

    Islamic Yemeni Divorce in USA

    By Prof. Gabriel Sawma Historical Background Yemen is known in antiquity as Arabia Felix or Happy Arabia. It is a mountainous country having more rainfall and more fertile soil than the rest of Arabia and, therefore it was able to support a relatively dense population. During the nineteenth century, the southern part of Yemen became […]


  • Islamic Jordanian Divorce in USA

    Islamic Jordanian Divorce in USA

    Thursday, September 29, 2011 Islamic Jordanian Divorce in USA By Professor Gabriel Sawma Background After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, following World War One, Jordan was created as an Emirate of the Transjordan under the British Mandate, which was instituted by the League of Nations. By 1946, the mandate over Jordan came to an […]